Manisegaran on Maruthakasi
Maruthakazi hails from the village called Melaikkudikkadu in Trichy district.His father Aiyam PErumaal Udayar is a village head. Mother is Milagayi Ammaal. This is a farming family. Maruthakazi was born on 13 February 1920.Paabanasam Sivan's elder brother Rajagopala Aiyer gave him sufficient knowledge in stage drama as Maruthakazi had natural inclination towards this performing art. In 1940 he did intermediate in Kudanthai Government college. He staged drama there at a time when his colleague (later writer) Thi Janakiraman used to act in the female role.
Unfortunately he could not complete his studies. He concentrated in farming and song writing. The first song he ever wrote was "kalaimakal uRainthidum kalasaalai" sung by Madurai Shanmugavadivu Subbulachumy(-MS Subbulachumy). Thereafter he adored the golden voice of MSS.
At this time Devi Nadaka Sabai(run by KN Ratnam and Sri Ramulu Naidu) invited Maruthakazi to write songs for a drama called "SooravaLi" by pulavar AK Velan. There is where he wrote his first drama song and got to meet KM Sheriff for the first time. He wrote for several other dramas and acted too in small roles. The first song he wrote for cinema was in the film called Mayavathi. He and KM Sheriff were very close friends, and many films used Maruthakazi and KM Sheriff. Maruthakazi had written mostly for KV Mahadevan. Th rest is history that we are familiar with.
His first song for MGR was "Manushanai Manushan Saappidaranda" in Deva's Thaikku Pin Thaaram. I have given somne interesting info on this song elsewhere. After that film Devar used Ranjan and took Neelamalai Thirudan, to which MGR gave Devar some trouble. The angry Devar requested Maruthakazi to hit MGR in a song. So Maruthakazi wrote Sathiyamey Lachiyamai Kollada. Later MGR, Devar and Maruthakazi patched up.
In Mannathi Mannan MGR used Mar8uthakazi for a song called "aadatha manamum uNdo" the only song that TMS and MLV sang together, in which Maruthakazi penned lines in praise of Makkal Thilakam as follows:
naadengum koNdaadum ougazh paathayil-veera
nadai podum thirumENi tharun bothayil...
eedEthum illatha kalaichEvayil-thani
idam koNda umaik KaNdu ippoomiyil..
pasunthangam unathu ezhil angam..
Of course later he wrote many many more for MGR films. When Maruthakazi was almost retired MGR requested him to write for ninaippathgai mudip[pavan to hit at a political figure, and that song is "kaNNai nambathey uNNai Emaatrum"
There are two songs that I could remember that were jointly composed. One is veNNila kudai Pidikka from Abalai Anjugam, by TRM and PS. The other is Kanvazhi pugunthu karuthinil kalantha minnoli yEn mounam by TMS and MS Rajeswari from "Thookku Thooki". The latter was started off by Maruthakazi but the tail end was jointly completd by Maruthakazi and Udumalai Narayana Kavi. That tail end is:
kanvazhi pugunthu karuthinil kalanthu
kaNivuRum kaathal jothy
kaaNbOmEy paathy paathy
kaaNbOmEy paathi paathi
The song "maruthamalaiyaanEy" from the film Thunaivan earned him Tamilnaadu government award.
Likweise Sirippu athan siRappai seerthooki paarppathu namathu poRuppu was started off by Udumalai Naarayana Kavi, but as he could not complete it on time, Maruthakazi rewrote almost the entire song.
There are too many spicy stories about Maruthakazi's songs, but our area is his samooga paadalkal.
(Sooner or later we can include these titbits in a separate thread, maybe to be named "SPICE AND JUICE" if onle BONES could join in.)
Let me just quote my favourite samooga paadalkal of Maruthakazi.
1. from Paasavalai by CSJ
poruL irunthaal vanthu koodum-athai
izhanthaal vilaki Odum
uthaithavan kaalai muthamidum
uthamar vaazhvai kothividum
uthattil uRavum uLLathil pagayum
vaLarthEy aRivai maaithuvidum
uzhaippavan kayyil Odu tharum
uNavukku pathilaai nanju tharum
pazhiyEy puriyum kodiyOn pusikka
palum pazhamum thinam thEdi tharum
meiyyai poiyaai maatRividum
veeNEy siRayil poottividum
poiyum purattum niRainthavan thannai
pugazhnthEy paadal punainthuvidum..
2.from pRantha NaaL by S.G
kalvi irunthaal enna
kaNdu rasikka kaNkaLillathavarkku-(ellaam)
katRukkodukkaatha kavi vaaNarin pulamai
kanjathanamudaiyOn kaakkum paNap perumai
kavaikkuthava padippu uNarchiyillaaa nadippu
kathiravan jothi munnEy kodathil itta viLakku
aadambaram illa aRivaaLi naavaNmai
avaniyai uruvaakkum thozhilaali kaivanmai
naadikkadal kalantha nathineerin nalla thanmai
nanriyillathavarkku nallavar seitha nanmai
3. from kongu naatu thangam by MLV
iruppathu uNmayil perunthavaRey ulakil
selvam irunthenna? siRappukkal irunthenna?
kaLLamilla uLlam illathavar ellaam(irunthum)
maNakkum jaathiualli malarai thaLLi- kaNNai
paRikkum kaakithappoo vaanguvOr-veli
azhagil aasai koNdu Enguvor
malar vittu malar thaavi mathuvuNNu vaNdaaki
mananilai thadumaari vaazhnthiduvor ellaam-(irunthum)
4. from Marutha naattu veeran by TMS
samathaanamEy thEvai-antha sanmaarkkam thazhaithida seivOm sEvai
amaithiyaaga naam vaazhnthidavEy
anbum aRamum vaLarnthidavEy
samarasa paathai thOndridavEy
saanthamum inbamum soozhnthidavEy
pOtti poRaamaikal illaatha-oru
puthiya samuthaayam uruvaaga-puthar
kaattiya vazhiyil naam poga-avar
kaNda kanavukal nanavaaga
katchi pEthangaL ethaRkaaka?-pala
kalakamum pagaiyum etharkaaka?
otRumayaai naam uyanthiduvOm!
orEy katchiyaai irunthiduvOm!
5. from Yaar paiyan by Gandasaala
suyanalam perithaa pothu nalam perithaa
intha sollin uNmai thannai eNNI paarada
mathi mayakkathilEy varum thayakkathilEy
manam thadumaari thavikkum manitha
intha sollin uNmai thannai eNNi paarada
thunbam illamaley inbam uNdaaguma
anbu illatha ithayam ithayamaa
nalla thEmaangani enRum vEmbaaguma
intha sollin uNmai thannai eNNippaarada
naam thEdamaley vantha selvamenraal
athai theru meethu veeNEy yeRivathaa
thenRal puyalaavatha-uLlam theeyavathaa
intha sollin uNmai thannai eNNI paarada
6. from Aadavantha Deivam by PS
sonnalum kEtkatha ulakamunga!
sollama pOnaalum puriyaathunga-ithil
munnaalum pOgamey pinnaalum pOgamey
muzhikkira kumbal yEraLanga
puthu thozhilai thuvakki palar
thuttukkaLai pettiyiley poottuthunga
paadu padum yEzhaikaLum
paNam uLlavarum sErnthidunga
puthu paathaiyai vaguthidunga
pangu pOttuch chAappidunga
paarapatcham illama vaaazhnthidunga -endru sonnaalaumkEtkaatha ulagamunga!
7. from naan sollum ragasiyam by TMS
naan sollum ragasiyam kaN kaanUm athisayam
ithai avasiyam-avasiyan avasiyan
uNavukku oru kumbal pOradum velayilEyt
pathavikku oru kumbal
usirai vidum yEzhaiyin
uzhaippalEy oru kumbal ullaasam theduthu
kalyaaNam seiyyavEy singarap panthalum
kachEri sathuraattam oorvalamum vENuma
ivai illaamal evarEnum kalyaaNam paNNinaal
inbasugam piLLai kutti illaamal pOguma
thanga nagai vaira nagai sarnjaramaai thonginaal
mangaatha azhagu varum enRu eNNum peNkaley
pakkam varum thirudarkaLum paarthuvittaal ivaikaLai
paRithiduvaar appozhuthu kalangathO kaNgalEy
8. from naan Sollum Ragasiyam
polatha ulagathilEy nallathukku kaalamillai
pOliyellaam poduthaNNEy koNdaattaam
intha pOkku maaRa selutha vENum kaNNOttam
kaLlavarkaLum kayavarkaLum kaNNiyavaan pOrvayilEy
koLLayittu paNathai sErthu kuvippathaa
nalla manam uLLavanga sillaRaikal paarvayiley
veLlaichaLLai irunthaathaan mathippathaa
athu illaiyinna kaalil pOttu mithippathaa
ini intha nilai maaRidavEy inba nilai nErnthidavEy
onRupattu uruthiyOdu uzhaikkaNum
uLlapadi vayiReriyum uthadu mattum pazham soRiyum
thillumullu thirugu thaaLam koottamEy
pallaipallai kattikkittu paadikaarda kattikittu
kulla pOttu seiyuthu aarppaattamEy
moLLamaaRi kumbal kuNam maaRaNum
athan mooLayilEy soRanai konjam yEraNum
athu nallapadi nadanthidaNum
namma nilai UyarnthidaNum
nallavanga athukku naalum uzhaikkaNum
9. from sabash maapillai
veLLi paNathukkum nalla kuNathukkum vegu thooram
ithu uLlapadi intha ulakam uNarthum oru paadam
piLlai Enum pantha paasathai thaLLi pirinthOdum
than uLlathai irumbu pettagamakki thaaL pOdum
illathavar evaraana pOthilyum eLLi nagayaadum
iNai illatha annai anbukku kooda
sollaamal thadai pOdum
veLlathinaal varum paLla mEdupOl
selvam varum pOgum
ithai eLLaLavEnum eNNaatha kancharkku
kaLLamillathga anbu chelvamEy enrum nilayaagum
kashtam theeRum kavalaikal maaRum inbam uRuvaagum
10. from sabash mappillai
sirippavar sila pEr azhubavar palapEr
irukkum nilai enRu maaRumo
uzhaippavar vaazhvEy veethiyilEy
uRanguvatho nadai paathayilEy
irakkam kaattaththaan naathiyillEy
uyarnthavar thaazhnthida thEvayillai
uLlathai izhanthida sollavillai
uzhaippavar uyarnthaal potumaiyaa..
Now we know why Marithakazi is called "THIRAIKAVI THILAKAM"